Description Molybdenum is an essential ultratrace mineral.
Function/ Used for Mineral involved in the functioning of several important enzymes in the body. Aids in carbohydrate and fat metabolism and helps in iron utilisation.

It contributes to normal sulfur amino acid metabolism.

Intake Recommended intake

EU NRV: 50µg


UK average daily intake

Estimated intake range between 50-400µg a day1

As a supplement Not generally available as a single supplement. Commonly available as part of a multivitamin and mineral formula.

Different multivitamin and minerals products will vary in the percentage NRVs they include. People should always check the label for information about a specific product.

Found in (dietary sources) The richest sources of molybdenum include dairy products, liver and kidney, nuts, dark green leafy vegetables, wholegrains, peas and beans and brown rice.
Deficiency No known deficiency symptoms.
Precautions and contraindications The molybdenum intake from the UK diet (estimated maximum intake 230µg /day) is not expected to present any risk to health. However, there is insufficient evidence about the safety of molybdenum intakes in excess of those naturally occurring in the diet.2

Safe Upper Level: Current estimates indicate a safe upper level of 600µg a day for adults.1

Use in pregnancy and breastfeeding Safety of use during pregnancy and breastfeeding is unknown.
Interactions e.g. with other medications None reported.3
Adverse effects Molybdenum is a relatively non-toxic element. High dietary intakes (10–15mg daily) have been associated with elevated uric acid concentrations in blood and an increased incidence of gout3.
References 1.

2.     Expert Group on Vitamins and Minerals, 2003.

3.     Mason, P. Dietary Supplements. Pharmaceutical Press, London, 2001.